Seasonal Variation and Relationships Between Copper of
Serum and Various Tissues in Copper Poisoned Sheep in
Kerman Province, Iran
Seyyed Javad Afsah Hejri 1, Khalil Badiei 1, Mehrdad Pourjafar 1, Ahmad Oryan 2,
Behnam Keshavarzi 3, Aliasghar Chalmeh 1, Gholamreza Mesbah 2
۱Department of Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
۲Department of Comparative Pathology, School of Veterinary Medicine, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
۳Department of Environmental Geology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
BACKGROUND: Soil and plant contamination in copper exposure causes chronic copper poisoning (CCP) in animals following the consumption of plants in these soils.
OBJECTIVES: The present study was carried out on 10 clinically affected copper poisoned cases (in each season) from autumn 2015 to the end of summer 2016, in four seasons in Kerman province to evaluate the seasonal effects of CCP in sheep.
METHODS: All samples were taken from clinically affected cases of copper poisoning that were then necropsied and the poisoning was confirmed by pathognomic pathological findings and serum copper concentration. Samples from liver, lung, kidney, heart and spleen were collected immediately after death and their copper concentration was measured.
RESULTS: The highest levels of copper in lung, heart, spleen and kidney were observed in the summer. Liver had the highest amounts of copper in spring and the levels of copper in wool and serum were detected in winter. The copper levels of liver and kidney were positively correlated in autumn, but the copper levels in these tissues were negatively correlated in both spring and winter.
CONCLUSIONS: Severity of the copper toxicity (judged by the liver copper concentration) is season-dependent in sheep and seasonal variations affect this toxicity. Environmental climate and stressors may be the main causes of copper contents of different tissues and the liver is the main organ to reserve copper in poisoned sheep.
Copper poisoning, Serum, Tissue, Season, Sheep